SMS Pro Aviation Safety Software Blog 4 Airlines & Airports

5 Questions to Ask Before Making Risk Assessment

Posted by Tyler Britton on Dec 3, 2018 5:16:00 AM

Goal of Risk Assessment Questions

Top five questions for performing risk assessments in aviation SMSBefore making risk assessments, there are a number of important questions to ask about the issue in question. These questions are extremely important, as they affect how you will rank the issue and how you will respond to it.

You will commonly perform risk assessments on reported safety issues, such as hazard occurrences, risk occurrences. Assessments are integral to helping you establish whether or not a given issue is within an Acceptable Level of Safety.

Most of your questions about an issue before assessing it revolve around trying to gather facts around:

  • How severe negative outcomes are; and
  • The chances of those negative outcomes happening in the future.

Let’s look at the 5 questions that are essential to providing accurate, good risk assessments.  

ResourceWhat is Risk Matrix/Risk Assessment

1 – What Is the Type of Issue That You are Assessing?

It’s important you first identify what kind of issue is being reported. Is what is being reported:

  • A hazard?
  • An actual negative consequence?

This is an important question because it will determine how you analyze the issue. If it is:

  • A hazard, you need to determine the most likely negative outcome of the hazard and analyze that outcome
  • A negative outcome, then you only need to analyze the actual outcome.

If it doesn’t seem to be either a hazard or a negative outcome, then it’s likely a concern that, by itself, will not lead to any negative outcomes (this would be lowest assessment level). Such issues are still useful to report, as it likely indicates employees reporting root causes or other threats.

2 – What are Your Criteria for Severity?

If you have done your work properly, you will have defined and documented the criteria for each level of severity. You need to be very familiar with your criteria as you will be analyzing the negative outcome in question based on these criteria.

For example, you might define each level of severity based on the following criteria:

  • Damage to person(s), such as level of injury or amount of death;
  • Damage to environment;
  • Damage to mission;
  • Financial damages; and
  • Any other type of quantifiable damage relevant to your operations.

With these criteria, you will try an ascertain how negative outcome corresponds to each level of criteria.

3 – What are Your Criteria for Likelihood?

You also need to make sure you are very familiar with your criteria for each level of likelihood, such as:

  • The rate of occurrence of each level; or
  • The qualitative rate of likelihood or expected number of occurrences.

You will use this criterion to understand the likelihood of the negative outcome.

4 – What are the Damages of the Negative Outcome?

Next you need to understand what the particular damages of the issue are. You should understand these damages in terms of:

  • The criteria you use on your risk matrix; and
  • In quantitative terms.

You want to answer each criteria for severity in terms of concrete damages.

  • How much financial damage?
  • How bad was the injury?
  • Did anyone die?
  • Did this outcome effect the mission and/or other missions?

You should have specific answers for each criterion. This will help you match the actual severity with the appropriate level of severity.

5 – What Do You Expect the Likelihood of Negative Outcome Happening Again Is

If the hazard occurred again, what do you expect the likelihood of it leading to a negative outcome is? You should factor in:

  • Existing risk controls;
  • New risk controls that you are implementing; and
  • Other factors such as existing Norms and time of year, etc.

If you implement new risk controls, you would ideally see the likelihood and/or severity go down. 

Resources for getting aviation safety management system started

Topics: 2-Safety Risk Management

Site content provided by Northwest Data Solutions is meant for informational purposes only. Opinions presented here are not provided by any civil aviation authority or standards body.



What is the FAA Part 5 Automation Tool?

Part 5 Automation Tool Logo

Request Live Demo

Live Demo Part 5 Automation Tool

Best Practices for SMS Programs


Watch SMS Pro Demo Videos

These two on-demand videos offer:

  • High-level overview of SMS Pro;
  • Hazard Reporting & Risk Management walk-through.
Watch SMS Demo Videos

Subscribe to Email Updates

Recent Posts